Category Archives: Education
Happy International Print Day!
This year the International Print Day theme is Print Smart. #PrintSmart is all about sharing education and resources for learning about how wonderfully relevant print is in the digital age.
At Williams & Heintz Map Corporation, we would like to share some Map Printing Tips. Our map printing tips were originally published as a series of posts when we first started our blog. We answer frequently asked questions about Map Pre-Press, Map Printing, and Map Folding.
Map Printing FAQ
I just got back from Tanzania with the Farmer to Farmer program that promotes economic growth and Agricultural development in East Africa!
I traveled to Tanzania for 2½ weeks to share my technical skills and expertise with local farmers. My assignment is part of Catholic Relief Services’ Farmer-to-Farmer (CRS FTF) program that promotes economic growth, food security, and agricultural development in East Africa.
In addition to being a map printer, I am a smallholder farmer. I grow food for my family and am the chair of the Maryland Organic Food and Farming Association. This experience gave me the opportunity to stretch my limits. I have always found that I learn so much from teaching others. Plus, it is awesome to share the knowledge and experience that I have gained over the years, with a project promoting social justice.
In Tanzania, I worked with Caritas Mbeya, training in organizational development, association strengthening, and giving technical assistance to smallholder farmers. The objective is to enable smallholder farmer groups in Mbalizi Parish to improve leadership and management, enhanced group dynamics and cohesion, strengthen their associations and cooperation. 121 farmers attended the trainings, which will benefit up to 3000 villagers in the area.
I taught the farmers in Mchewe, Itimba, and Muvwa Villages in Mbeya, Tanzania about contracts and contract farming. We analyzed the strengths, weaknesses, threats, and opportunities of their groups. Strong cooperative groups will help the farmers pool their resources to balance their power with the middlemen/buyers, and obtain contracts to sell a larger amount of product. The groups will be able to support members and save product to sell when scarce and prices are higher. We discussed, target markets and marketing mix. We talked about mission, objectives, what articles to include in their bylaws to strengthen and insure transparency and fairness. I even came up with “Holly’s 9 Leadership Tips”.
“One thing we are certain of is that this program will be beneficial not just to the farmers in East Africa, but also to the volunteers from America,” said Bruce White, CRS’ director for the program. “It’s going to make the world a little bit smaller for everyone involved.” I agree!
Funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), the five-year program matches the technical assistance of U.S. farmers, agribusinesses, cooperatives, and universities to help farmers in developing countries improve agricultural productivity, access new markets, and increase their incomes.
My volunteer assignment is one of nearly 500 assignments that focus on agriculture, food security and nutrition in Ethiopia, Tanzania, Kenya, and Uganda. This is the first time CRS has been involved in the 28-year-old Farmer-to-Farmer Program funded by the U.S. government. The U.S. volunteers travel to East Africa for anywhere from one to six weeks, their expenses covered by USAID.
What is a map?
A map is a way to present information on music, history, science, and the arts in new ways. A map is a tool that helps you make connections between different places; to connect the dots.
What is a map?
A map is Like the International Map Industry Association: IMIA is all about the business of maps. IMIA helps you make connections between different people in the map business.
What is a map?
A map is about how to make a living; a creative endeavor to put food on the table for us and our employees. Printing maps was my Daddy’s and Granddaddy’s business. It is mine still.
What is a map?
A map is something that my Daddy and Granddaddy made at work. Every morning they went away. Every evening they came home. Sometimes, with a great big printed paper map. It is to put on the wall, a gift for friends and neighbors. A map can be an artistic expression and a marketing tool.
Some may say that the printed map is done for, but it is a mistake to see it as a print vs. digital media competition. The greatest result is achieved when the two are used together. The printed map provides the “big picture” and the resulting spatial awareness shows you where to crunch down for detail using the mobile device. Without the digital, you lose the enormous resources of the internet. Without the printed map you don’t know what to do with the mobile device. Electronic devices are not replacing printed products, but they complement each other, and make each more effective.
This post was originally published on the IMIA Blog
At Williams & Heintz Map, we are excited about the opportunities that International Map Year (IMY) 2015-2016 provides to demonstrate, follow, and get involved in the art, science and technology of making and using maps and geographic information.
International Map Year is a worldwide celebration of maps and their unique role in our world. It provides opportunities to demonstrate, follow, and get involved in the art, science and technology of making and using maps and geographic information. Supported by the United Nations, IMY is an intensive international, interdisciplinary, scientific, and social strategy to focus on the importance of maps and geographic information in the world today. The most important legacies will be a new generation of cartographers and geographic information scientists, as well as an exceptional level of interest and participation from professionals, schoolchildren, the general public, and decision-makers, worldwide.
International Map Year is organized by the International Cartographic Association (ICA), and endorsed by the International Map Industry Association. IMIA will promote the International Map Year as part of the IMIA Americas Region Conference ‘International Map Year’, September 27–29, 2015, Washington, D.C. USA.
2015 is the United Nations International Year of Soils
The 68th UN General Assembly declared 2015 the International Year of Soils (IYS 2015). In honor of this, here are two soil maps from the Williams & Heintz Map Vault.
Why International Year of Soils?
Soils are a finite natural resource and are nonrenewable on a human time scale. Soils are the foundation for food, animal feed, fuel and natural fiber production, the supply of clean water, nutrient cycling and a range of ecosystem functions. The area of fertile soils covering the world’s surface is limited and increasingly subject to degradation, poor management and loss to urbanization. Increased awareness of the life-supporting functions of soil is called for if this trend is to be reversed and so enable the levels of food production necessary to meet the demands of population levels predicted for 2050. Soil Science Society of America
The FAO/UNESCO Soil Map of the World has published soil maps of continents and large regions at 1:5 000 000 scale. They would look great as print maps! 😉
February 2, the day the groundhog comes out in Punxsutawney Pennsylvania to try and see his shadow. Groundhog’s Day has it’s roots in ancients Europe. it is the modern manifestation of Imbolc, Bridgets Day, and Candlemas.
About this time, where I live in Maryland, you can note that the days are getting longer. I can imagine the seeds stirring in the ground, under the mud and ice, ready for the warm spring rains. This is why if the groundhog sees his shadow, we have six more weeks of winter. The story goes that if he sees his shadow, then we will still have the cold winter. It he does not see his shadow then the spring rains are here, ans spring will quickly follow. This year Punxsutawney Phil saw his shadow, though he is quite handsome in the video!
The first official Groundhog Day excursion in the Punxsutawney, PA took place in 1888.
Phil is pictured above, posing on a 1988 edition of the Pennsylvania road map, from the Williams & Heintz Map Vault.This map was, published H. M. Gousha.
A Rand McNally sales executive, Harry Mathias Gousha, started the company 1926. H. M. Gausha Maps was one of the big three map companies, along with General Drafting and Rand McNally.
H.M. Gousha Maps was aquired by Rand McNally in 1996. This particular copy of the map was copyrighted in 1987, and printed in 1988, an distributed by Arrow Publishing Co., Inc.
So, I hope you have a Mappy Groundhogs Day! May the tradition of printing maps and predicting weather with rodents continue!
“Oh, you’re a map printer, I’m so sorry!”
That’s the kind of response I frequently hear when I tell people what I do. They see all the GPS and cell phone map apps and think only of road maps that they don’t know how to read.
Well there are a lot of other kinds of maps out there to print, besides road maps. Here are a few, click on the tiles below to see the larger image and a little bit about them.
Here’s another thing, all those different kinds of maps were printed over 30 years ago, made by hand, with cameras and film. I scanned them off an old Williams & Heintz marketing piece; so old it doesn’t even have anything about a web site or email contact.
Just think what we can do now with computers, the internet, available data, and digital mapping tools! (more about that in a later post)
All these new tools make cartography and map making more available, to many more people, to publish more maps.
And some of these great maps even make it to print on paper.
When you want to see the big picture, nothing beats a big map on a big piece of paper.
It’s a great time to be a map printer!
Over on our facebook page, Williams & Heintz has a new “like”, and it came with the most Awesome link! Jack Kittle, of Decatur, Georgia, found 1927-1930 topographic maps of Atlanta. Our name is listed in the lower right hand corner. Here is the link, that will take you to the Digital Gallery at Emory University. They have 75 pages of the City of Atlanta tax plat maps that we printed when my great grandfather first got into the map printing business.
Company lore has it that, one of our original jobs as a map company was engraving, (copper plate), and printing, (stone lithography), tax plats for cities, of which Atlanta was one. Without accurate maps, the cities were losing revenue, because they didn’t know who to send the bill to.
Jack Says, “I first ran into copies of these maps at the DeKalb History Center. Their copies are from the DeKalb County Planning Department. New developments – streets and buildings – were carefully added in black ink until sometime in the 1950s. This fits the tax plat scenario. Note that this usage was not in the City of Atlanta, rather in the area to the east.”
International Women’s day is March 8 and March is Women’s History Month – What Role Have Women Played in the History of Mapmaking?
Many women’s organizations and governments around the world observe International Women’s Day annually on March 8th. The United States designates the whole month of March as Women’s History Month. The role of women in the history of mapmaking reminds us to celebrate the accomplishments of women and girls throughout history, and the need to keep working to ensure that women’s equality is gained and maintained in all aspects of life, all over the map.
Judith Tyner, Professor Emerita of Geography, California State University, Long Beach, has researched and shared a lot of the history of women in cartography. She says that Women have played many roles in the history of cartography. There are the usual assumptions, marginal activities, traditional woman’s roles of piece work that could be done at home: coloring maps, map folding, and stitching atlases. In the 19th century, women taught geography, maps, and “the use of the globes” to privileged young ladies. The usual way that women would become involved in mapmaking business, was through family. The map trades, printing, and engraving have traditionally been family businesses.
But when you examine maps for the names of engravers, publishers and printers, you discover that women have been involved in cartography from the early days of mapping. Women were publishers, map sellers, cartographers, drafters, editors, engravers, globemakers, printers, colorists, folders, stitchers, teachers of map reading and mapmaking, cartographic historians, map librarians, and patrons of cartography!
“By the beginning of the twentieth century, the identities of cartographers and map traders had become even more obscure. Large cartographic firms such as Rand McNally and Hammond formed and began using wax engraving and lithography techniques; map engravers and compilers no longer signed their maps. As companies grew, few retained records… Over time old records were destroyed in the name of efficiency.”
This fits with what I have recently learned about Williams & Heintz, from my cousin Jeanette Schuder, about my Great Aunt Ruth, Born Ruth Lillian Heintz (1913 – 2011)
“Her father co-owned the William and Heintz Company, a lithographic business in DC. She worked for her dad’s company as a topographical engineer and she drew maps of Bakersfield, California and other new cities. She also worked for the Geological Survey and drew the original maps of the unmapped territory of the Yukon.”
Ruth was married August 22, 1936, so I figure that her work as a mapmaker was in the early 1930s. A quick google search for “Bakersfield CA map 1930s” yields these maps, from the University of Texas Libraries, that may be some of the maps that she worked on.
Even before the second World War, women were encouraged to work as cartographers and cartographic drafters. During the war, they were hired to replace the men, due to the wartime demand for maps. Government agencies in the U. S. were hiring women because they recognized that our maps were out of date and had insufficient coverage. Women were preferred for drafting, computing and photogrametry. Collections were scattered. Map librarians played an important role in the collection and distribution of maps for the war effort.
Women did not give up cartography after the war. They were successful, and continued to take advantage of trainings at universities, and job opportunities. Marie Tharp was encouraged to study geology and drafting, she made important contributions to mapping. You can read about them in Honoring Marie Tharp, Oceanographic Cartographer, for International Women’s Day
Today, women work in all aspects of the mapping industry, from GIS to map printing. Since World War II, we have seen the greatest rise in the number of women involved in the field. However, continued vigilance and action is still necessary to ensure that women’s equality is gained and maintained.
Mary Beth Smith, of “Girls Who Print” said, in response to an example of blatant discrimination in the work place today,
” Lets work together. Let the ignorant know that their behavior is neither admired nor tolerated. Show your spouses, your daughters, your sons, and everyone in your orbit your conviction that this is unacceptable behavior. Isn’t it time we stopped acting like this doesn’t happen? Do we not WANT young people and women to bring their gifts, talents, training and expertise to an industry sorely in need of a fresh approach?”
Tyner, Judith, “The Hidden Cartographers: Women in Mapmaking,” Mercator’s World, volume 2, number 6, November/December 1997, pp. 46-51.
Tyner, Judith, “Millie the Mapper and Beyond: The Role of Women in Cartography Since World War II,” Meridian – Map and Geography Round Table of the American Library Association No. 15 1999 pp23-28.
Last month, Mark and I flew to Las Vegas, Nevada, for the International Map Industry Association (Americas) (IMIA) Strategic Planning Session.
IMIA (Americas) has some really great things planned for an exciting 2013 Global Conference and Member Showcase, September 8-10, 2013, in Cambridge, Massachusetts. This conference will be:
- Where new tools, technology, products, and services meet the mapping industry’s leading business professionals to monetize the product
- Where to find the exciting opportunities in the business of maps
- Where maps and money come together.
More on that in future posts.
We flew in early, with enough time for an adventure before the meetings. We got a rental car and set out for Cowboy Trail Rides, in the Red Rock Canyon National Conservation Area. If you want to visit this beautiful place, bring a printed map. We went over a low hill, and on the other side, we had left Las Vegas and the WI-Fi behind.
PAPER because agrees:
Paper because a lot of places worth going to don’t get a signal, and hopefully never will. High in the mountains, out in the country, even your nearest nature trail are just a few places that are more enjoyable with a simple map, your senses, and no distractions.
Print also has the power to revive a sense of adventure and challenge those of us who have come to rely on step-by-step directions to that charming country inn and where to eat when we get there. With the classic road atlas, there’s no voice urging us to go one way or another, or system recalculating how to get us back on our original course if we get sidetracked. We’re free to change your route on a whim and see where the road takes us. The map will still get us where we need to go, it’s just a bit less bossy…
Set yourself free to go where no signal can, where the only roaming is in your mind or at the end of your pen. Who knows where you might go and what you might find…